- more than 36,700 students in 47 communities from Fort McMurray to Pincher Creek (2011/12 school year)
- 5.9% of all Alberta students were enrolled in French immersion in 2011/12
- 352,800 students from Port Alberni BC to Inuvik NT to St.John’s NL (2010/11 school year)
Core French: (also called “FSL” in Alberta)
- some 145,000 students were studying French as a subject during the 2011/12 school year
- 23.4% of all Alberta students were studying French as a subject in 2011/12
- 1,472,000 students were studying French as a subject during the 2010/11 school year
French-second-language programs – In Alberta, French as a second language (FSL) refers to courses in which the French language is taught as a subject, often between 30 to 40 minutes a day, to enable students to communicate in French in a variety of school travel, leisure and job-related contexts. FSL also enables students to better understand francophone cultures in Canada and in other countries of the world. (http://education.alberta.ca/francais/teachers/progres/compl/fsl.aspx)
French immersion – A program in which French is the language of instruction for a significant part of the school day; this is, several or all subjects are taught in French. The objective is full mastery of the English language and functional fluency in French, as well as an understanding and appreciation of French culture. more information
Early immersion – a program beginning in Kindergarten or Grade 1 (offered in 47 communities throughout Alberta)
Late immersion – a program beginning in Grade 6 or 7 (offered in Calgary, Edmonton, Okotoks, Red Deer, and St. Albert)
Middle immersion – a program beginning in Grade 4 or 5 (offered in 1 Alberta community)
Dual track school – a school that houses both an immersion program and the regular English stream (or immersion and another alternative program)
Single track school or immersion center – a school which offers only French immersion
Core French – Commonly known in Alberta as “French as a second language” or “FSL,” this refers to French taught for one period each day or a few times a week. The objective is a basic knowledge of French (the depth of this knowledge will vary according to the length and intensity of the program) and in interest in and appreciation of French culture. more information
Intensive French – An enrichment of the core French program consisting of a five-month concentration on second-language development during Grade 5 or 6. During the remainder of the school year, the regular timetable is resumed.
French-first-language education – Designed for Francophone students (as defined in Section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms), French is the language of instruction for all subjects except English language arts. The objective is full mastery of French as a mother tongue, full fluency in English, and a sense of identity with and belonging to the French community. more information
Facts about French
French in Alberta
- More than 81,000 Albertans list French as a mother tongue (2011 census), an increase of 18% since 2006.
- Almost 239,000 Albertans say they can carry on a conversation in French (2011 census), compared to 225,000 in 2006.
French in Canada
- 7.3 million Canadians list French as a mother tongue (2011 census), compared to 7 million in 2006.
- 10 million Canadians say they can carry on a conversation in French (2011 census), up from 9.6 million in 2006.
French around the world:
- 220 million people speak French wordwide today. (source: France Diplomatie)
- French and English are the main languages of world diplomacy.
- French is an official working language of the United Nations, the International Red Cross, the International Olympic Committee, the European Economic Community, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the International Labour Bureau, and others.
- The International Organization of la Francophonie, with 75 member and observer states, brings together more than a third of the world’s states and 890 million men and women.
- French is the second most frequently taught language in the world.
- French is the second most abundant language on the internet.
- Canada is considered a world leader in second-language education. There are Canadian-style immersion programs in several other countries, including Australia, Finland, Hong Kong, Singapore, Spain, and the United States.
See also: Canada’s Linguistic Duality infographic